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  • 21.
    Leung, Wing
    et al.
    SMHI, Affärsverksamhet.
    Windmark, Fredrik
    SMHI, Affärsverksamhet.
    Brodl, Ludvik
    SMHI, Affärsverksamhet.
    Langner, Joakim
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    A basis to estimate marginal cost for air traffic in Sweden.: Modelling of ozone, primary and secondary particles and deposition of sulfur and nitrogen.2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have investigated the effects of emissions from aviation on air quality in both Swedish and European domains. The results will be used as a basis to estimate the marginal cost for air traffic in Sweden. The vertical, geographical and temporal distribution of aviation emissions over Sweden has been estimated using a newly developed methodology. The aviation emissions have been categorized by their emission altitude (LTO, low cruise and high cruise) and flight nationality (international, national and overflight). This aviation emission information was then used as input data to the regional atmospheric chemistry model MATCH to simulate the effects of aviation emissions on ecosystem, health and climate metrics. A total of 17 model simulations over three years have been performed. There is one simulation in which all emitted species from the surface and aviation emissions are included and eight simulations in which all aviation emissions from each combination of emission altitude and flight nationality are included. There are eight simulations in which NOx aviation emissions from each combination of emission altitude and flight nationality are included. Using these simulations, contributions from aviation emissions to deposition, concentrations and a range of different air pollution metrics has been calculated. The results are calculated in both the Europe and Swedish domains for all the simulations. 

    The following results are included in this report: . Deposition of oxidised and reduced nitrogen . Deposition of excess sulfur . AOT40 and SOMO35 and their exposures . Concentration and exposure of primary and secondary particles . Concentration of nitrate and sulfate particles . Concentration of surface and above surface ozone 

    In summary, contributions from aviation emissions in Sweden to the different concentrations, deposition and metrics for environmental effects are generally small, on the order of a few per mille or less. However the impacts can be traced in the simulations well beyond the Swedish borders. LTO emissions give the largest contribution to deposition of oxidised and reduced nitrogen, deposition of excess sulfur and concentrations of primary and secondary particles. In particular near the major airports like Stockholm-Arlanda and Gothenburg-Landvetter. High cruise emissions give insignificant contributions to deposition and concentrations at surface level. LTO emissions give a negative contribution to surface ozone concentration locally at the main Swedish airports but give an overall increased contribution in the regions around. Aviation emissions at low cruise and high cruise levels have the largest effect on ozone concentrations at higher levels. 

  • 22. Otero, Noelia
    et al.
    Sillmann, Jana
    Mar, Kathleen A.
    Rust, Henning W.
    Solberg, Sverre
    Andersson, Camilla
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Engardt, Magnuz
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Bergström, Robert
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Bessagnet, Bertrand
    Colette, Augustin
    Couvidat, Florian
    Cuvelier, Cournelius
    Tsyro, Svetlana
    Fagerli, Hilde
    Schaap, Martijn
    Manders, Astrid
    Mircea, Mihaela
    Briganti, Gino
    Cappelletti, Andrea
    Adani, Mario
    D'Isidoro, Massimo
    Pay, Maria-Teresa
    Theobald, Mark
    Vivanco, Marta G.
    Wind, Peter
    Ojha, Narendra
    Raffort, Valentin
    Butler, Tim
    A multi-model comparison of meteorological drivers of surface ozone over Europe2018Inngår i: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 18, nr 16, s. 12269-12288Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23. Vivanco, Marta G.
    et al.
    Theobald, Mark R.
    Garcia-Gomez, Hector
    Luis Garrido, Juan
    Prank, Marje
    Aas, Wenche
    Adani, Mario
    Alyuz, Ummugulsum
    Andersson, Camilla
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Bellasio, Roberto
    Bessagnet, Bertrand
    Bianconi, Roberto
    Bieser, Johannes
    Brandt, Jurgen
    Briganti, Gino
    Cappelletti, Andrea
    Curci, Gabriele
    Christensen, Jesper H.
    Colette, Augustin
    Couvidat, Florian
    Cuvelier, Cornelis
    D'Isidoro, Massimo
    Flemming, Johannes
    Fraser, Andrea
    Geels, Camilla
    Hansen, Kaj M.
    Hogrefe, Christian
    Im, Ulas
    Jorba, Oriol
    Kitwiroon, Nutthida
    Manders, Astrid
    Mircea, Mihaela
    Otero, Noelia
    Pay, Maria-Teresa
    Pozzoli, Luca
    Solazzo, Efisio
    Tsyro, Svetlana
    Unal, Alper
    Wind, Peter
    Galmarini, Stefano
    Modeled deposition of nitrogen and sulfur in Europe estimated by 14 air quality model systems: evaluation, effects of changes in emissions and implications for habitat protection2018Inngår i: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 18, nr 14, s. 10199-10218Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24. Kanngiesser, Franz
    et al.
    Kahnert, Michael
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Calculation of optical properties of light-absorbing carbon with weakly absorbing coating: A model with tunable transition from film-coating to spherical-shell coating2018Inngår i: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, ISSN 0022-4073, E-ISSN 1879-1352, Vol. 216, s. 17-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25. Oudin, Anna
    et al.
    Segersson, David
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Adolfsson, Rolf
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Association between air pollution from residential wood burning and dementia incidence in a longitudinal study in Northern Sweden2018Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 6, artikkel-id e0198283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26. Saaroni, H.
    et al.
    Amorim, Jorge Humberto
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Hiemstra, J. A.
    Pearlmutter, D.
    Urban Green Infrastructure as a tool for urban heat mitigation: Survey of research methodologies and findings across different climatic regions2018Inngår i: Urban Climate, ISSN 2212-0955, E-ISSN 2212-0955, Vol. 24, s. 94-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27. Colette, Augustin
    et al.
    Schucht, Simone
    Ciarelli, Giancarlo
    Létinois, Laurent
    Meleux, Frédérik
    Andersson, Camilla
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Cuvelier, C.
    Manders, A.
    Mar, K.A.
    Mircea, M.
    Pay, T.
    Raffort, V.
    Tsyro, S.
    Adani, M.
    Bergström, Robert
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Bessagnet, G
    Briganti, A.
    Cappelletti, A.
    Couvidat, F.
    D'Isidoro, M.
    Fagerli, H.
    Ojha, N.
    Otero, N.
    Wind, P.
    Long-term air quality trends in Europe Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Health Impacts.2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28. De Geer, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Persson, Christer
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Rodhe, Henning
    A Nuclear Jet at Chernobyl Around 21:23:45 UTC on April 25, 19862018Inngår i: Nuclear Technology, ISSN 0029-5450, E-ISSN 1943-7471, Vol. 201, nr 1, s. 11-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29. Kchalchenkov, Aleksander
    et al.
    Kovalets, Ivan
    Asker, Christian
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Lavrova, Tatiana
    Todosienko, Sergey
    Avila, Rodolfo
    APPLICATION OF THE COMPLEX OF ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT MODELS FOR ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE TERRITORIES OF FORMER URANIUM PRODUCTION2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30.
    Andersson, Camilla
    et al.
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Alpfjord, Helene
    SMHI, Affärsverksamhet.
    Robertson, Lennart
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Karlsson, Per Erik
    Miljöforskningsinstitutet.
    Engardt, Magnuz
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Reanalysis of and attribution to near-surface ozone concentrations in Sweden during 1990-20132017Inngår i: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 17, nr 22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31. Cardoso Pereira, Susana
    et al.
    Marta-Almeida, Martinho
    Carvalho, Ana
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Heat wave and cold spell changes in Iberia for a future climate scenario2017Inngår i: International Journal of Climatology, ISSN 0899-8418, E-ISSN 1097-0088Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    : This study investigates the impacts of climate change scenario on summer heat waves’ (HWs) and winter cold spells’ (CSs) characteristics for 12 locations over the Iberian Peninsula (IP). These characteristics are duration, recovery factor and intensity. Two future time slices of the chosen scenario are studied, namely, the periods 2046–2065 and 2081–2100 which are compared with a reference climate for the recent-past (1986–2005). The RCP8.5 greenhouse gas emission scenario is considered. The minimum and maximum daily temperature were obtained for these periods through regional model simulations using the Weather and Research Forecast (WRF) model forced with the MPI-ESM-LR model. The model was validated against EOBS and SPAIN02 datasets. The model shows 90th/10th percentile temperature (i.e. thresholds to identify HW/CS) biases. Therefore, HW/CS numbers and properties were evaluated using the model’s respective thresholds. HW/CS numbers and characteristics were also compared between the model and EOBS derived data. Probability density functions (PDFs) of the duration, recovery factor and intensity show significant changes in the mean and variance for the summer HWs. Differences, between future and recent-past climate in the extremes are evaluated by the 95th percentile which show an increase in the duration and intensity of the HWs for the future time slices. Very few CSs were detectable in the mid-term future (2046–2065) and none in the long-term future (2080–2100), except for Barcelona. For most locations, the CS for the future are of smaller duration and intensity. The PDF of the recovery factor suggests smaller absolute differences between the minimum and maximum temperature during winter which is also confirmed by the percentile analysis. The increase in the duration and intensity of HWs is greater in the long-term future than in the mid-term future, pointing for a warmer IP with more and longer HWs towards the end of the XXI century

  • 32. Fauser, P.
    et al.
    Ketzel, M.
    Becker, T.
    Plejdrup, M. S.
    Brandt, J.
    Gidhagen, Lars
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Omstedt, Gunnar
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Skarman, T.
    Bartonova, A.
    Schwarze, P.
    Karvosenoja, N.
    Paunu, V. -V
    Kukkonen, J.
    Karppinen, A.
    Human exposure to carcinogens in ambient air in Denmark, Finland and Sweden2017Inngår i: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 167, s. 283-297Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33. Carlsen, Hanne Krage
    et al.
    Back, Erik
    Eneroth, Kristina
    Gislason, Thorarinn
    Holm, Mathias
    Janson, Christer
    Jensen, Steen Solvang
    Johannessen, Ane
    Kaasik, Marko
    Modig, Lars
    Segersson, David
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Sigsgaard, Torben
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Olsson, David
    Orru, Hans
    Indicators of residential traffic exposure: Modelled NOX, traffic proximity, and self-reported exposure in RHINE III2017Inngår i: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 167, s. 416-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Thomas, Manu
    et al.
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Brannstrom, Niklas
    Persson, Christer
    SMHI, Affärsverksamhet.
    Grahn, Hakan
    von Schoenberg, Pontus
    Robertson, Lennart
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Surface air quality implications of volcanic injection heights2017Inngår i: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 166, s. 510-518Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35. Sofiev, Mikhail
    et al.
    Ritenberga, Olga
    Albertini, Roberto
    Arteta, Joaquim
    Belmonte, Jordina
    Bernstein, Carmi Geller
    Bonini, Maira
    Celenk, Sevcan
    Damialis, Athanasios
    Douros, John
    Elbern, Hendrik
    Friese, Elmar
    Galan, Carmen
    Oliver, Gilles
    Hrga, Ivana
    Kouznetsov, Rostislav
    Krajsek, Kai
    Magyar, Donat
    Parmentier, Jonathan
    Plu, Matthieu
    Prank, Marje
    Robertson, Lennart
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Steensen, Birthe Marie
    Thibaudon, Michel
    Segers, Arjo
    Stepanovich, Barbara
    Valdebenito, Alvaro M.
    Vira, Julius
    Vokou, Despoina
    Multi-model ensemble simulations of olive pollen distribution in Europe in 2014: current status and outlook2017Inngår i: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 17, nr 20, s. 12341-12360Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 36.
    Thomas, Manu
    et al.
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Devasthale, Abhay
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Atmosfärisk fjärranalys.
    Typical meteorological conditions associated with extreme nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution events over Scandinavia2017Inngår i: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 17, nr 19, s. 12071-12080Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Kahnert, Michael
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Optical properties of black carbon aerosols encapsulated in a shell of sulfate: comparison of the closed cell model with a coated aggregate model2017Inngår i: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 25, nr 20, s. 24579-24593Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38. Colette, Augustin
    et al.
    Andersson, Camilla
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Manders, Astrid
    Mar, Kathleen
    Mircea, Mihaela
    Pay, Maria-Teresa
    Raffort, Valentin
    Tsyro, Svetlana
    Cuvelier, Cornelius
    Adani, Mario
    Bessagnet, Bertrand
    Bergström, Robert
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Briganti, Gino
    Butler, Tim
    Cappelletti, Andrea
    Couvidat, Florian
    D'Isidoro, Massimo
    Doumbia, Thierno
    Fagerli, Hilde
    Granier, Claire
    Heyes, Chris
    Klimont, Zig
    Ojha, Narendra
    Otero, Noelia
    Schaap, Martijn
    Sindelarova, Katarina
    Stegehuis, Annemiek I.
    Roustan, Yelva
    Vautard, Robert
    van Meijgaard, Erik
    Vivanco, Marta Garcia
    Wind, Peter
    EURODELTA-Trends, a multi-model experiment of air quality hindcast in Europe over 1990-20102017Inngår i: Geoscientific Model Development, ISSN 1991-959X, E-ISSN 1991-9603, Vol. 10, nr 9, s. 3255-3276Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39. Stockfelt, Leo
    et al.
    Andersson, Eva M.
    Molnar, Peter
    Gidhagen, Lars
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Segersson, David
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Rosengren, Annika
    Barregard, Lars
    Sallsten, Gerd
    Long-term effects of total and source-specific particulate air pollution on incident cardiovascular disease in Gothenburg, Sweden2017Inngår i: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 158, s. 61-71Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 40.
    Segersson, David
    et al.
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Eneroth, Kristina
    Gidhagen, Lars
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Johansson, Christer
    Omstedt, Gunnar
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Luftmiljö.
    Nylen, Anders Engstrom
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Health Impact of PM10, PM2.5 and Black Carbon Exposure Due to Different Source Sectors in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Umea, Sweden2017Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 7, artikkel-id 742Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
1234567 21 - 40 of 341
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