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  • 1.
    Andreasson, Arnold
    et al.
    Arnold Andreasson Konsult AB.
    Strömberg, Patrik
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Prager, Maria
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Nexelius, Nils
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Automatisering av nationellt dataflöde till ICES genom skördning - en förstudie2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    SMHI är, på uppdrag av Havs- och vattenmyndigheten (HaV), datavärd för svenska marina miljöövervakningsdata. En central del i uppdraget är att årligen rapportera nationellt insamlad data till nternationella Havsforskningsrådet, ICES.

    För biologiska data sker en årlig rapportering av data levererade från föregående års övervakning. Leveranserna sker på ett format definierat av ICES. Leveransernas innehåll valideras av SMHI mot ICES valideringstjänst DATSU via uppladdning till en webbsida. När samtliga fel är rättade skickas leveranserna till ICES via e-post.

    SMHI har fått ett uppdrag från HaV att utreda om det finns en möjlighet att låta ICES skörda data som ersättning för den nuvarande hanteringen med manuella leveranser. ICES har också ett intresse av att utreda om skördning av data är en lämplig metod för framtida inhämtande av data. ICES vill även testa möjligheterna att byta leveransformat till ett nytt XML-baserat format.

    SMHI föreslår en lösning där SMHI:s tjänst för maskin-maskin-kommunikation, SHARKdata, används. SHARKdata kommer att utökas för att kunna generera exportpaket i enlighet med ICES nya XML-baserade format. ICES har även kompletterat sin valideringstjänst DATSU med ett gränssnitt för maskin-maskinkommunikation så att man med automatik kan anropa DATSU och validera exportpaket. En prototyp har utvecklats för att visa hur SHARKdata kan användas för denna typ av hantering med skördning. I prototypen ingår även konvertering till en inledande testversion av XML-formatet för datatypen Zoobenthos.

    Det fortsatta projektet efter denna förstudie planeras som ett samarbete mellan SMHI och ICES. SMHI utvecklar fortlöpande SHARKdata i takt med att ICES släpper specifikationer på format för nya datatyper, parallellt med att data rapporteras på nuvarande sätt. Detta arbete beräknas pågå under 2016 och 2017, med varierande intensitet. Efter denna test- och utvecklingsperiod antas ICES släppa en ny version av sitt rapporteringformat och då kan SMHI gå över till det nya rapporteringssättet.

  • 2. Bailey, Helen
    et al.
    Fossette, Sabrina
    Bograd, Steven J.
    Shillinger, George L.
    Swithenbank, Alan M.
    Georges, Jean-Yves
    Gaspar, Philippe
    Strömberg, Patrik
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Paladino, Frank V.
    Spotila, James R.
    Block, Barbara A.
    Hays, Graeme C.
    Movement Patterns for a Critically Endangered Species, the Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), Linked to Foraging Success and Population Status2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 5, article id e36401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Foraging success for pelagic vertebrates may be revealed by horizontal and vertical movement patterns. We show markedly different patterns for leatherback turtles in the North Atlantic versus Eastern Pacific, which feed on gelatinous zooplankton that are only occasionally found in high densities. In the Atlantic, travel speed was characterized by two modes, indicative of high foraging success at low speeds (<15 km d(-1)) and transit at high speeds (20-45 km d(-1)). Only a single mode was evident in the Pacific, which occurred at speeds of 21 km d(-1) indicative of transit. The mean dive depth was more variable in relation to latitude but closer to the mean annual depth of the thermocline and nutricline for North Atlantic than Eastern Pacific turtles. The most parsimonious explanation for these findings is that Eastern Pacific turtles rarely achieve high foraging success. This is the first support for foraging behaviour differences between populations of this critically endangered species and suggests that longer periods searching for prey may be hindering population recovery in the Pacific while aiding population maintenance in the Atlantic.

  • 3. Konigson, Sara J.
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Ronny E.
    Lunneryd, Sven-Gunnar
    Strömberg, Patrik
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Bergstrom, Ulf M.
    Cod pots in a Baltic fishery: are they efficient and what affects their efficiency?2015In: ICES Journal of Marine Science, ISSN 1054-3139, E-ISSN 1095-9289, Vol. 72, no 5, p. 1545-1554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the growing grey seal population in the Baltic Sea, the inshore cod fishery has suffered dramatic increases in both catch losses and damage to fishing gear. To mitigate this situation, cod pots were evaluated as an alternative to traditional gillnets and longlines. During a 3-year study, cod pots were used by commercial fishers in two areas off the coast of Sweden. Using the data from this study, we evaluated catches from pots in relation to other gear types and investigated the effects of environmental and fisheries-related variables such as depth and soak time. The comparison of pots with other gear types showed that, during the first half of the year, the pot fishery generated lower daily catches than the gillnet and longline fisheries at comparable fishing efforts. During the second half of the year, catches in the pot fishery exceeded or were equal to those in the traditional fisheries. Using generalized additive models to evaluate the impact of environmental and fisheries-related variables on pot catches, we showed that, in both areas, the catch per unit effort (cpue) of legal-sized cod was affected by the water depth, the time of year (months), and the soak time. In one of the areas, cpue was also affected by the direction of the water current in relation to the orientation of the string of pots. The cpue of undersized cod was affected by topographic variables such as the slope and the complexity of the bottom, in addition to the water depth, month of the year, and soak time. The results from the study indicate that pots can be a useful alternative gear in the Baltic cod fishery, at least during part of the year. By using our information on how catches are affected by environmental and fisheries-related variables, the pot fishery may be further optimized to increase catches.

  • 4. Lilley, M. K. S.
    et al.
    Beggs, S. E.
    Doyle, T. K.
    Hobson, V. J.
    Strömberg, Patrik
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Hays, G. C.
    Global patterns of epipelagic gelatinous zooplankton biomass2011In: Marine Biology, ISSN 0025-3162, E-ISSN 1432-1793, Vol. 158, no 11, p. 2429-2436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is concern that overfishing may lead to a proliferation of jellyfish through a process known as fishing down the food web. However, there has been no global synthesis of patterns of gelatinous zooplankton biomass (GZB), an important first step in determining any future trends. A meta-analysis of epipelagic-GZB patterns was undertaken, encompassing 58 locations on a global scale, and spanning the years 1967-2009. Epipelagic-GZB decreased strongly with increasing total water column depth (r (2) = 0.543, p < 0.001, n = 58): in shallow (< 50 m) coastal waters, epipelagic-GZB was typically 742x the levels in deep ocean (> 2,000 m) sites. However, the ratio of GZB to primary productivity showed high values across a range of depths, i.e. this measure of the relative abundance of gelatinous zooplankton did not co-vary with depth.

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