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Översiktlig kartpresentation av klimatförändringars påverkan på Sveriges vattentillgång.: Summary of climate change maps of the Swedish water resources - Background material for the Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability. Underlag till Klimat- och sårbarhetsutredningen.
SMHI, Professional Services.
SMHI, Core Services.
SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
2007 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den här rapporten sammanfattar det hydrologiska kartmaterial över förändring i medelavrinning, höga flöden och vattenkraftspotential som har levererats till den statliga Klimat- och sårbarhetsutredningen.Beräkningarna som ligger till grund för kartmaterialet har utförts med modellsystemet HBV Sverige. Dagens klimat har baserats på observerad temperatur och nederbörd för perioden 1961-1990. Beräkningar av hydrologiska förhållanden i framtidens klimat har baserats på resultat från regional klimatmodellering vid Rossby Centre på SMHI. Sammantaget har hydrologiska beräkningar genomförts för fem olika framtidsscenarier, fyra beräkningar för perioden 2071-2100 och en beräkning för hela perioden 1961-2100. I detta arbete har två olika metoder för att omsätta klimatmodellresultaten till hydrologiska effekter använts, delta-metoden och scaling-metoden.Medelavrinningen kommer enligt scenarierna att öka för större delen av Sverige, med undantag för de sydöstra delarna av landet. Vad det gäller höga flöden är bilden mer komplex, men i sydvästra Sverige och fjällen blir, enligt scenarierna, höga flöden betydligt vanligare. Vattenkraftspotentialen förväntas enligt scenarierna att öka avsevärt för Sverige som helhet. Alla resultat från HBV Sverige ska i första hand användas för en översiktlig tolkning och identifiering av var fördjupade studier kan vara av särskilt behov. Beräkningarna baserade på den s.k. scaling-metoden är mer preliminära än de övriga beräkningarna eftersom metoden fortfarande är under utveckling.AbstractThis report summarizes the water resource maps of changes in mean annual runoff, large floods and hydropower potential that have been delivered to the Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability.The hydrological model simulations that have been used to produce the maps were done using the HBV Sweden modelling system. Simulations for present climate used observed input of precipitation and temperature from 1961-1990. Calculations of future hydrological conditions were based on results from regional climate modelling at the Rossby Centre, SMHI. Five different regional scenarios of future climate have been used, four representing the future period 2071-2100 and one for the whole period 1961-2100. Two different approaches to interface the hydrological model and the climate models have been used, the delta method and the scaling method.The mean annual runoff will, according to the scenarios, increase for most parts of Sweden except for the south-east parts of the country. The picture becomes more complex when it comes to changes in large floods, but they are expected to increase substantially in the south-west parts and in the Swedish mountains according to the scenarios. The total Swedish hydropower potential is expected to increase substantially according to the scenarios.All results from HBV Sweden should only be used for a general interpretation of where more in depth analyses might be of interest. The simulations based on the so-called scaling method are more preliminarythan the other simulations, since the method is still under development.

Abstract [en]

This report summarizes the water resource maps of changes in mean annual runoff, large floods and hydropower potential that have been delivered to the Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability. The hydrological model simulations that have been used to produce the maps were done using the HBV Sweden modelling system. Simulations for present climate used observed input of precipitation and temperature from 1961-1990. Calculations of future hydrological conditions were based on results from regional climate modelling at the Rossby Centre, SMHI. Five different regional scenarios of future climate have been used, four representing the future period 2071-2100 and one for the whole period 1961-2100. Two different approaches to interface the hydrological model and the climate models have been used, the delta method and the scaling method. The mean annual runoff will, according to the scenarios, increase for most parts of Sweden except for the south-east parts of the country. The picture becomes more complex when it comes to changes in large floods, but they are expected to increase substantially in the south-west parts and in the Swedish mountains according to the scenarios. The total Swedish hydropower potential is expected to increase substantially according to the scenarios. All results from HBV Sweden should only be used for a general interpretation of where more in depth analyses might be of interest. The simulations based on the so-called scaling method are more preliminary than the other simulations, since the method is still under development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SMHI , 2007. , 15 p.
Series
Hydrology, ISSN 0283-7722 ; 106
Keyword [sv]
Klimat- och sårbarhetsutredningen, HBV Sverige, klimatförändringar, vattentillgång, höga flöden, vattenkraftspotential, kartpresentation
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-2255Local ID: Hydrologi, Rapporter, Serie HydrologiOAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-2255DiVA: diva2:947548
Available from: 2007-10-28 Created: 2016-07-08 Last updated: 2016-07-08Bibliographically approved

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