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The impact of meteorological forcings on gas phase air pollutants over Europe
SMHI, Research Department, Air quality.
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2015 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 119, 240-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The impact of meteorological forcings on gas phase air pollutants (ozone and nitrogen dioxide) over Europe was studied using four offline chemistry transport models (CTMs) as part of the IMPACT2C project. This study uses long (20- and 30-year) simulations to evaluate the present-day performance of the CTMs, which is a necessary first step before undertaking any analysis of future air quality impacts. Two sets of meteorological forcings were used for each model: reanalysis of past observation data (ERA-Interim) and Global Climate Model (GCM) output. The results for the simulations forced by reanalysis data were assessed in relation to AirBase v7 measurement data, and it was determined that all four models slightly overpredict annual O-3 values (mean biases range between 0.7 and 6.6 ppb) and three out of the four models underpredict observed annual NO2 (mean biases range between -3.1 and -5.2 ppb). The simulations forced by climate models result in spatially averaged monthly concentrations of O-3 that are generally between 0 and 5 ppb higher than the values obtained from simulations forced by reanalysis data; therefore it was concluded that the use of climate models introduces an additional bias to the results, but this bias tends not to be significant in the majority of cases. The bias in O-3 results appears to be correlated mainly to differences in temperature and boundary layer height between the two types of simulations, whereas the less significant bias in NO2 is negatively correlated to temperature and boundary layer height. It is also clear that the selection of chemical boundary conditions is an important factor in determining the variability of O-3 model results. These results will be used as a baseline for the interpretation of future work, which will include an analysis of future climate scenarios upon European air quality. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 119, 240-257 p.
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Environmental Sciences
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Environment
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URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1946DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.07.037ISI: 000363078200023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1946DiVA: diva2:924321
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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