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RIVER RUNOFF TO THE BALTIC SEA - 1950-1990
SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
1994 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 23, no 4-5, 280-287 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

A database of monthly inflow of fresh water from rivers and land to the Baltic Sea and its subbasins is created. The database covers the period 1950-1990 and is based on observations from the national hydrological services of the surrounding countries. The main features of the database are presented including river flow of selected rivers and total inflow to the Baltic Sea and its subbasins. Long term, seasonal and short-term variabilities are analyzed and the effects of hydropower development are identified. An earlier database by Mikulski is used for comparison and extension of the record to cover the period 1921-1990. It is concluded that the variability of inflow is great and that the decade 1981-1990 was the wettest in 70 years. Wet years are also found in the 1920s. The increase in runoff is mainly due to increasing river flow during the cold seasons. The effects of hydropower development are noticeable in the records for the Bothnian Bay and the Bothnian Sea.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 23, no 4-5, 280-287 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject
Hydrology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1661ISI: A1994PC01600010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1661DiVA: diva2:897362
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2016-01-26Bibliographically approved

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