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Homogenization of Swedish temperature data .2. Homogenized gridded air temperature compared with a subset of global gridded air temperature since 1861
SMHI.
1997 (English)In: International Journal of Climatology, ISSN 0899-8418, E-ISSN 1097-0088, Vol. 17, no 1, 35-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Homogeneity tests of long seasonal temperature series from Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Norway indicate that homogeneous series are rare and that an abrupt change of the relative mean level is a much more common type of nonhomogeneity than a gradual change. Furthermore, negative shifts were 20% more common than positive shifts. Homogenized temperature anomaly series that were constructed for six 5 degrees latitude x 5 degrees longitude grid boxes indicate that the temporal pattern of temperture changes has been similar in different parts of Sweden since 1861. The annual mean temperature over Sweden was found to have increased by 0.68 degrees C from the period 1861-1890 to 1965-1994. The corresponding changes for the seasons were: +0.18 degrees C (winter), +1.40 (spring), +0.42 (summer) and +0.60 (autumn). A direct comparson shows that non-homogeneities in the temperature series from individual grid boxes in a global data set can be as large as the total changes observed. We estimate that a 95 per cent confidence interval for the error, due to non-homogeneous long station records, in estimates of hemispheric temperature changes over land regions since the period 1861-1890 is +/-0.1 degrees C for the Northern Hemisphere and the globe and +/-0.25 degrees C for the Southern Hemisphere. For a region consisting of about five grid boxes, this error is +/-0.5 degrees C. The large non-homogeneities in individual grid-box series in the global data set is partly a consequence of the fact that homogeneous climate data are not always easily available for the open research community. We urge that efforts are made to improve this situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 17, no 1, 35-54 p.
Keyword [en]
air temperature, homogeneity tests, climate change, gridded data, urban heat island, Sweden
National Category
Climate Research
Research subject
Climate
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1566DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199701)17:1<35::AID-JOC104>3.0.CO;2-FISI: A1997WH95400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1566DiVA: diva2:850669
Available from: 2015-09-02 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2015-09-02Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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