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Regional modelling of anthropogenic sulphur in Southeast Asia
SMHI, Research Department, Air quality.
2001 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 35, no 34, 5935-5947 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A co-operative research project between the Malaysian Meteorological Service (MMS) and the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) focussing on the usage of an atmospheric transport and chemistry model, has just been initiated. Here, we describe the main features of the dispersion model and discuss a first set of calculations in light of available measurements of sulphuric species in Southeast Asia. According to our results, anthropogenic sulphur concentrations and depositions are particularly high near the large cities of the region, around a metal smelter in the southern Philippines, and in a region extending from northern Vietnam into southeastern China. These areas coincide with the high-emissions regions of Southeast Asia and we tentatively conclude that regional transport of acidifying species is not as far-reaching as in the mid-latitudes. From our calculations, and from supporting measurements we conclude that most of rural Southeast Asia is not yet severely affected by anthropogenic sulphur, but given the rapid rate of economical development in this region the situation may deteriorate quickly. Areas that are particularly at risk include the large cities, northern Vietnam, most of central Thailand, most of peninsular Malaysia, eastern Sumatra and parts of Java, all of which receive total-sulphur depositions in excess of 0.5 g S m(-2) yr(-1). Our model simulates sulphate in precipitation in accordance with measurements, but it has a tendency to overestimate atmospheric SO2. It remains to be investigated whether this is a problem in the model formulation or a result of unrepresentative sampling. An immediate continuation of this study should be performed with higher spatial resolution than the currently used 100 x 100 km(2). Other imperfections in this model study, which should be addressed in future work, include parameterised vertical transport in deep convective clouds, the influence of natural emissions (primarily from volcanoes) on the concentration and deposition of sulphuric species, and the year-to-year variability of the driving meteorological conditions. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 35, no 34, 5935-5947 p.
Keyword [en]
MATCH, air pollution, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1464DOI: 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00375-2ISI: 000172761100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1464DiVA: diva2:849771
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2015-08-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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