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Modeling and observations of deep water renewal and entrainment in a Swedish sill fjord
SMHI, Research Department, Oceanography.
SMHI, Research Department, Oceanography.
2001 (English)In: Journal of Physical Oceanography, ISSN 0022-3670, Vol. 31, no 12, 3401-3420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A baroclinically forced deep-water renewal event in a small Swedish sill fjord is investigated using a one-dimensional numerical model and a dataset that resolves temporal variations in salinity and oxygen. The observations indicate an almost complete renewal of the basin water within a period of 2-3 weeks. The details of the renewal process are emphasized by modeling the sill flow as well as the resulting dense bottom plume, with various rates of entrainment. It is found that sill mixing is relatively unimportant, but that entrainment increases the deep-water inflow by a factor of 2-4. Different formulas for calculating plume entrainment are compared and the model's sensitivity to variations in sill flow and bottom friction is investigated. It is shown that even weak entrainment, occurring at shallow depths where the density difference between the plume and the resident water is large, has a significant impact. Entrainment prolongs the time it takes for a complete renewal (i.e., to flush out all resident water) and, on the moderate timescales considered here, yields lower post-renewal salinity and oxygen concentrations. This implies that entrainment (and mixing) during renewal may be as important as basin water diffusion in setting the timescale for forthcoming renewal events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 31, no 12, 3401-3420 p.
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject
Oceanography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1465DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<3401:MAOODW>2.0.CO;2ISI: 000172903300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1465DiVA: diva2:849767
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2015-08-31Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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