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A One-Equation Turbulence Model for Geophysical Applications: Comparison with Data and the k - epsilon Model
SMHI, Research Department, Oceanography.
SMHI, Research Department, Oceanography.
2001 (English)In: Environmental Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 1567-7419, E-ISSN 1573-1510, Vol. 1, no 1, 71-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A one-equation turbulence model is presented, in which the turbulent kinetic energy k is calculated with a transport equation whereas the turbulent length scale l is calculated with an algebraic expression. The value of l depends on the local stratification and reduces to the classical kappa vertical bar z vertical bar scaling for unstratified flows near a wall, where vertical bar z vertical bar is the distance to the wall. The length scale decreases during stable stratification, and increases for unstable stratification compared to the neutral case. In the limit of strong stable stratification, the so-called buoyancy length scale proportional to k(1/2)N(-1) is obtained, where N is the buoyancy frequency. The length scale formulation introduces a single model parameter which is calibrated against experimental data. The model is verified extensively against laboratory measurements and oceanic data, and comparisons are made with the two-equation k-epsilon model. It is shown that the performance of the proposed k model is almost identical to that of the k-epsilon model. In addition, the stability functions of Launder are revisited and adjusted to obtain better agreement with recent data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 1, no 1, 71-106 p.
Keyword [en]
Prandtl number, stability functions, turbulence model, turbulent length scales
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject
Oceanography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1482DOI: 10.1023/A:1011560202388ISI: 000208548600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1482DiVA: diva2:848509
Available from: 2015-08-25 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Axell, Lars

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