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Long-term variations of UV-B doses at three stations in northern Europe
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2000 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, ISSN 2169-897X, E-ISSN 2169-8996, Vol. 105, no D16, 20813-20820 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent analysis of the total ozone observations indicate a negative trend of about 4%/decade in the Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes during the last two decades [WMO, 1999]. The effect of this decline on surface UV levels is of interest to a variety of applications. In this work the long-term variation of UV radiation at three stations located in northern Europe (Belsk, Norrkoping, and Jokioinen) has been studied using data from (1) ground-based observations, (2) surface UV doses determined using TOMS satellite measurements, and (3) reconstructed UV doses using observations of global radiation, total ozone, and radiative transfer modeling. For each station the estimates of daily UV doses from various sources have been intercompared, and a trend analysis has been performed to reveal long-term changes in the UV radiation. Data sets, which start in the late 1970s or early 1980s, show a general positive trend in annual doses of UV radiation. Some of these upward trends are statistically significant. For Belsk the increases are in the range of 5-15% per decade during spring and summer. The largest increases, about 20%/decade, has been observed in Norrkoping during spring. At Jokioinen there has been a slight upward trend in UV throughout the year. The analysis of reconstructed Belsk data from 1966 onward shows that the positive trend since late 1970s was preceeded by a negative trend. The reason for such changes is probably not only related to the changes in the total ozone but also to changes in aerosol content and cloudiness. The agreement of the UV series based on different data sources is good. This was studied using a subset of data in which it was required that data from all possible sources were available. The different trend estimates were in very close agreement with each other. However, there were often differences in absolute values, which is probably related to problems in calibration and limitations of the models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 105, no D16, 20813-20820 p.
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject
Meteorology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1498DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900258ISI: 000089107600026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1498DiVA: diva2:847728
Available from: 2015-08-21 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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