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Urban scale modeling of particle number concentration in Stockholm
SMHI, Research Department, Air quality.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8278-5849
SMHI, Research Department, Air quality.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2757-2864
SMHI.
2005 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 39, no 9, 1711-1725 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A three-dimensional dispersion model has been implemented over the urban area of Stockholm (35 x 35 km) to assess the spatial distribution of number concentrations of particles in the diameter range 3-400 nm. Typical number concentrations in the urban background of Stockholm is 10 000 cm(-3), while they are three times higher close to a major highway outside the city and seven times higher within a densely trafficked street canyon site in the city center. The model, which includes an aerosol module for calculating the particle number losses due to coagulation and dry deposition, has been run for a 10-day period. Model results compare well with measured data, both in levels and in temporal variability. Coagulation was found to be of little importance in terms of time averaged concentrations, contributing to losses of only a few percent as compared to inert particles, while dry deposition yield particle number losses of up to 25% in certain locations. Episodic losses of up to 10% due to coagulation and 50% due to deposition, are found some kilometers downwind of major roads, rising in connection with low wind speed and suppressed turbulent mixing. Removal due to coagulation and deposition will thus be more significant for the simulation of extreme particle number concentrations during peak episodes. The study shows that dispersion models with proper aerosol dynamics included may be used to assess particle number concentrations in Stockholm, where ultrafine particles principally originate from traffic emissions. Emission factors may be determined from roadside measurements, but ambient temperature must be considered, as it has a strong influence on particle number emissions from vehicles. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 39, no 9, 1711-1725 p.
Keyword [en]
coagulation, dry deposition, dispersion model, aerosol model, traffic, emission factor, particle number concentrations, particle size distribution
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1280DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.11.042ISI: 000227857600012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-1280DiVA: diva2:819675
Available from: 2015-06-11 Created: 2015-05-26 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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