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Deterministic evaluation of ensemble streamflow predictions in Sweden
SMHI, Professional Services.
SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1986-8374
2007 (English)In: Nordic Hydrology, ISSN 0029-1277, E-ISSN 1996-9694, Vol. 38, no 4-5, 441-450 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A system for ensemble streamflow prediction, ESP, has been operational at SMHI since July 2004, based on 50 meteorological ensemble forecasts from ECMWF. Hydrological ensemble forecasts are produced daily for 51 basins in Sweden. All ensemble members, as well as statistics (minimum, 25% quartile, median, 75% quartile and maximum), are stored in a database. This paper presents an evaluation of the first 18 months of ESP median forecasts from this system, and in particular their performance in comparison with today's categorical forecast. The evaluation was made in terms of three statistical measures: bias B, root mean square error RMSE and absolute peak flow error PE. For ESP forecasts the bias ranged between -20% and 80% with a systematic overestimation for Sweden as a whole. A comparison between bias in input precipitation and ESP output, respectively, revealed only a weak relationship, but streamflow overestimation is likely related mainly to model properties. The results from the streamflow forecast comparison showed that the ESP median in deterministic terms performs overall as well as the presently used categorical forecast. Further, ESP has the advantage of providing at least a qualitative measure of the uncertainty in the forecasts, with probability forecasts being the ultimate goal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 38, no 4-5, 441-450 p.
Keyword [en]
ensemble, HBV model, prediction, streamflow, Sweden
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject
Hydrology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-770DOI: 10.2166/nh.2007.022ISI: 000251515500010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-770DiVA: diva2:808148
Conference
24th Nordic Hydrological Conference, AUG 06-09, 2006, Vingsted, DENMARK
Available from: 2015-04-27 Created: 2015-04-22 Last updated: 2016-05-25Bibliographically approved

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Johnell, AnnaLindström, GöranOlsson, Jonas
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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