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Predominance of soot-mode ultrafine particles in Santiago de Chile: Possible sources
SMHI, Research Department, Air quality.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8278-5849
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2009 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 43, no 14, 2260-2267 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A monitoring campaign was performed in Santiago de Chile during a winter month of 2003 and 2006 (July) using several instruments to measure the size distribution of particulate material. For the first time, the size distribution of ultrafine particles was measured in Santiago, and an estimation of its sources was done by analyzing its temporal variation. The study was performed in three sites: one of them is located in the eastern part of Santiago, a sector with low particle concentration and about 100 m from a busy street. The other site is located in the western part, which is the sector that has the highest concentration of fine and coarse particle matter during winter, also located far from a street. The third site is located within 5 in from the busiest street in Santiago. In all stations traffic is the dominating source for fine and ultrafine particles and the size distribution is peaked towards 60-100 nm (soot mode). Only in the site near the street, it is possible to see a clear peak towards smaller sizes (10-30 nm). The size distribution measurements presented here indicate that aerosol dynamics play a more important role for the Santiago case as compared to cleaner cities in Europe. Changes in the particle size during different hours of the day reflect both variations in meteorological mixing conditions as well as effects of aerosol dynamic processes such as coagulation, condensation and dry deposition. A relative increase in the number of the larger ultrafine particles (d >= 70 nm), as compared to the number of smaller particles (d < 70 nm) correlated with wind speed is an indication of pollution transport with aged particles from other parts of the city. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 14, 2260-2267 p.
Keyword [en]
Ultrafine particle, Size distribution, PM2.5, Soot mode
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-617DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.01.047ISI: 000265809300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-617DiVA: diva2:807316
Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-21 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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