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Light scattering modeling of small feldspar aerosol particles using polyhedral prisms and spheroids
SMHI, Research Department, Air quality.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5695-1356
2006 (English)In: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, ISSN 0022-4073, E-ISSN 1879-1352, Vol. 101, no 3, 471-487 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of simplified particle shapes for modeling scattering by irregularly shaped mineral-dust particles is studied using polyhedral prisms and spheroids as model particles. Simulated phase matrices averaged over shape and size distributions at wavelength 633 nm are compared with a laboratory-measured phase matrix of feldspar particles with known size distribution with effective radius of 1.0 mu m. When an equi-probable shape distribution is assumed, prisms and oblate spheroids agree with measurements to a similar degree, whereas prolate spheroids perform markedly better. Both spheroids and prisms perform much better than spheres. When ail automatic fitting method is applied for finding optimal shape distributions, it is found that the most elongated spheroids are most important for good fits, whereas nearly-spherical spheroids are generally of very little importance. The phase matrices for the different polyhedral prisms, on the other hand, are found to be similar, thus their shape-averaged phase matrices are insensitive to the shape distribution assumed. For spheroids, a simple parameterization for the shape distribution, where weights increase with increasing departure from spherical shape, is proposed and tested. This parameterization improves the fit of most phase matrix elements attained with an equi-probable shape distribution, and it performs particularly well for reproducing the measured phase function. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 101, no 3, 471-487 p.
Keyword [en]
mineral aerosol, light scattering, non-sphericity, T-matrix, shape distribution
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject
Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-786DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2006.02.038ISI: 000238554200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-786DiVA: diva2:807056
Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2015-04-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Kahnert, Michael

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