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On the time-scales of the downward propagation and of the tropospheric planetary wave response to the stratospheric circulation
SMHI, Research Department, Climate research - Rossby Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4226-8713
2010 (English)In: Annales Geophysicae, ISSN 0992-7689, E-ISSN 1432-0576, Vol. 28, no 2, 339-351 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three datasets (the NCEP-NCAR reanalysis, the ERA-40 reanalysis and the LMDz-GCM), are used to analyze the relationships between large-scale dynamics of the stratosphere and the tropospheric planetary waves during the Northern Hemisphere (NH) winter. First, a cross-spectral analysis clarifies the time scales at which downward propagation of stratospheric anomalies occurs in the low-frequency band (that is at periods longer than 50 days). At these periods the strength of the polar vortex, measured by the 20-hPa Northern Annular Mode (NAM) index and the wave activity flux, measured by the vertical component of the Eliassen-Palm flux (EPz) from both the troposphere and the stratosphere, are significantly related with each other and in lead-lag quadrature. While, in the low-frequency band of the downward propagation, the EPz anomalies of the opposite sign around NAM extremes drive the onset and decay of NAM events, we found that the EPz anomalies in the troposphere, are significantly larger after stratospheric vortex anomalies than at any time before. This marked difference in the troposphere is related to planetary waves with zonal wavenumbers 1-3, showing that there is a tropospheric planetary wave response to the earlier state of the stratosphere at low frequencies. We also find that this effect is due to anomalies in the EPz issued from the northern midlatitudes and polar regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 28, no 2, 339-351 p.
Keyword [en]
Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics, General circulation, Middle atmosphere dynamics, Waves and tides
National Category
Climate Research
Research subject
Climate
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-578ISI: 000274995800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-578DiVA: diva2:806864
Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2015-04-20 Last updated: 2016-05-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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Output format
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