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Extremes of Temperature, Oxygen and Blooms in the Baltic Sea in a Changing Climate
SMHI, Research Department, Oceanography.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7413-7497
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2012 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 574-585Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the future, the Baltic Sea ecosystem will be impacted both by climate change and by riverine and atmospheric nutrient inputs. Multi-model ensemble simulations comprising one IPCC scenario (A1B), two global climate models, two regional climate models, and three Baltic Sea ecosystem models were performed to elucidate the combined effect of climate change and changes in nutrient inputs. This study focuses on the occurrence of extreme events in the projected future climate. Results suggest that the number of days favoring cyanobacteria blooms could increase, anoxic events may become more frequent and last longer, and salinity may tend to decrease. Nutrient load reductions following the Baltic Sea Action Plan can reduce the deterioration of oxygen conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 41, no 6, p. 574-585
Keywords [en]
Baltic Sea, Climate change, Modeling, Ecosystem
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Research subject
Oceanography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-441DOI: 10.1007/s13280-012-0321-2ISI: 000308039100006PubMedID: 22926880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-441DiVA, id: diva2:806380
Available from: 2015-04-20 Created: 2015-04-14 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Neumann, ThomasEilola, KariKuznetsov, IvanMeier, MarkusSavchuk, Oleg P.

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