Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Environmental Impacts-Atmospheric Chemistry
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2015 (Engelska)Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Resurstyp
Text
Abstract [en]

This chapter addresses sources and trends of atmospheric pollutants and deposition in relation to the Baltic Sea region. Air pollution is shown to have important effects, including significant contributions to nitrogen loading of the Baltic Sea area, ecosystem impacts due to acidifying and eutrophying pollutants and ozone, and human health impacts. Compounds such as sulphate and ozone also have climate impacts. Emission changes have been very significant over the past 100 years, although very different for land-and sea-based sources. Land-based emissions generally peaked around 1980-1990 and have since reduced due to emissions control measures. Emissions from shipping have been steadily increasing for decades, but recent measures have reduced sulphur and particulate emissions. Future developments depend strongly on policy developments. Changes in concentration and deposition of the acidifying components generally follow emission changes within the European area. Mean ozone levels roughly doubled during the twentieth century across the northern hemisphere, but peak levels have reduced in many regions in the past 20 years. The main changes in air pollution in the Baltic Sea region are due to changes in emissions rather than to climate change.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. s. 267-289
Serie
SECOND ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE FOR THE BALTIC SEA BASIN
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Miljö
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-2043DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_15ISI: 000367908100020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-2043DiVA, id: diva2:925674
Tillgänglig från: 2016-05-03 Skapad: 2016-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-05-03Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltext

Personposter BETA

Langner, Joakim

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Langner, Joakim
Av organisationen
Luftmiljö
Miljövetenskap

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 29 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.7
|