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A method for reconstruction of past UV radiation based on radiative transfer modeling: Applied to four stations in northern Europe
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2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, ISSN 2169-897X, E-ISSN 2169-8996, Vol. 112, nr D23, artikel-id D23201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A method for reconstruction of past UV radiation has been developed. The idea of the method is to use measurements of global radiation (300 - 3000 nm) for determining the influence of clouds on UV radiation. In order to transfer the information contained in the global radiation data into a cloud effect in the UV range, a so-called cloud modification table was developed, which is based on physical relationships determined through radiative transfer calculations. The method was given as input the measured global radiation and total ozone column, the total water vapor column from the ERA-40 data set, the surface albedo as estimated from snow depth, and the altitude of the location. Using this method, erythemally weighted UV irradiances were reconstructed back to the early 1980s at four stations in northern Europe: Bergen in Norway, Norrkoping in Sweden, and Jokioinen and Sodankyla in Finland. The reconstructed daily UV doses are in good agreement with measurements. For the summer season, the systematic error was found to vary between 0% at Bergen and 4% at Jokioinen, and the correlation coefficient was 0.99 at all stations. The summer root-mean-square error was 5% at all stations except Jokioinen, where it was 9%. The method performs well also for spring and autumn, whereas for winter conditions of low Sun, a systematical underestimation was found. A large part of this underestimation was found to be due to the plane-parallel approximation used in the radiative transfer calculations. The time series of reconstructed UV exhibit a clear increase since the early 1980s at both Sodankyla " (4.1%/decade; statistically significant) and Norrkoping (3.3%/decade; not significant). At Jokioinen, a weak increase was found, while at Bergen there was no considerable overall change. At both Sodankyla and Norrkoping, the increase in the reconstructed UV radiation was primarily driven by an increase in the global radiation, that is, by decreased cloudiness. The method is general in the sense that it can be applied also to other stations.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 112, nr D23, artikel-id D23201
Nationell ämneskategori
Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning
Forskningsämne
Fjärranalys
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-744DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008454ISI: 000251525400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-744DiVA, id: diva2:808467
Tillgänglig från: 2015-04-28 Skapad: 2015-04-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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