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Adaptation to climate change and other stressors among commercial and small-scale South African farmers
SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Hydrologi.
SMHI, Samhälle och säkerhet.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7490-7949
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 273-286Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Commercial and small-scale farmers in South Africa are exposed to many challenges. Interviews with 44 farmers in the upper Thukela basin, KwaZulu-Natal, were conducted to identify common and specific challenges for the two groups and adaptive strategies for dealing with the effects of climate and other stressors. This work was conducted as part of a larger participatory project with local stakeholders to develop a local adaptation plan for coping with climate variability and change. Although many challenges related to exposure to climate variability and change, weak agricultural policies, limited governmental support, and theft were common to both farming communities, their adaptive capacities were vastly different. Small-scale farmers were more vulnerable due to difficulties to finance the high input costs of improved seed varieties and implements, limited access to knowledge and agricultural techniques for water and soil conservation and limited customs of long-term planning. In addition to temperature and drought-related challenges, small-scale farmers were concerned about soil erosion, water logging and livestock diseases, challenges for which the commercial farmers already had efficient adaptation strategies in place. The major obstacle hindering commercial farmers with future planning was the lack of clear directives from the government, for example, with regard to issuing of water licences and land reform. Enabling agricultural communities to procure sustainable livelihoods requires implementation of strategies that address the common and specific challenges and strengthen the adaptive capacity of both commercial and small-scale farmers. Identified ways forward include knowledge transfer within and across farming communities, clear governmental directives and targeted locally adapted finance programmes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2013. Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 273-286
Nyckelord [en]
Adaptive capacity, Climate change, Water resources management, Vulnerability, Sustainable agriculture, South Africa
Nationell ämneskategori
Oceanografi, hydrologi och vattenresurser
Forskningsämne
Hydrologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-384DOI: 10.1007/s10113-012-0323-4ISI: 000316782500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:smhi-384DiVA, id: diva2:801748
Tillgänglig från: 2015-04-10 Skapad: 2015-03-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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