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Reckermann, M., Langner, J., Omstedt, A., von Storch, H., Keevallik, S., Schneider, B., . . . Huenicke, B. (2011). BALTEX-an interdisciplinary research network for the Baltic Sea region. Environmental Research Letters, 6(4), Article ID 045205.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BALTEX-an interdisciplinary research network for the Baltic Sea region
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2011 (English)In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 6, no 4, article id 045205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BALTEX is an environmental research network dealing with the Earth system of the entire Baltic Sea drainage basin. Important elements include the water and energy cycle, climate variability and change, water management and extreme events, and related impacts on biogeochemical cycles. BALTEX was founded in 1993 as a GEWEX continental-scale experiment and is currently in its second 10 yr phase. Phase I (1993-2002) was primarily dedicated to hydrological, meteorological and oceanographic processes in the Baltic Sea drainage basin, hence mostly dealt with the physical aspects of the system. Scientific focus was on the hydrological cycle and the exchange of energy between the atmosphere, the Baltic Sea and the surface of its catchment. The BALTEX study area was hydrologically defined as the Baltic Sea drainage basin. The second 10 yr phase of BALTEX (Phase II: 2003-12) has strengthened regional climate research, water management issues, biogeochemical cycles and overarching efforts to reach out to stakeholders and decision makers, as well as to foster communication and education. Achievements of BALTEX Phase II have been the establishment of an assessment report of regional climate change and its impacts on the Baltic Sea basin (from hydrological to biological and socio-economic), the further development of regional physical climate models and the integration of biogeochemical and ecosystem models. BALTEX features a strong infrastructure, with an international secretariat and a publication series, and organizes various workshops and conferences. This article gives an overview of the BALTEX programme, with an emphasis on Phase II, with some examples from BALTEX-related research.

BALTEX, Baltic Sea, regional climate modelling, water and energy cycles, hydrology, oceanography, biogeochemistry, climate research
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject
Hydrology; Environment; Oceanography
urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-508 (URN)10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045205 (DOI)000298674700043 ()
Available from: 2015-04-17 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2018-05-24Bibliographically approved
Bärring, L. & von Storch, H. (2004). Scandinavian storminess since about 1800. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(20), Article ID L20202.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scandinavian storminess since about 1800
2004 (English)In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 31, no 20, article id L20202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the history of storminess in Northern Europe, as derived from local pressure observations in Lund since 1780 and Stockholm since 1820 ( Sweden). At both stations barometer readings were made three times per day, morning, midday and evening, and after about 1850 at fixed observation hours. We use four common storminess indices: annual number of deep lows ( p < 980 hPa), the annual 95th and 99th percentile of pressure changes between two observations, and the annual number of fast absolute pressure changes (\&UDelta;p\/&UDelta;t > 16 hPa/12 h). It turns out that the 1980' s - mid 1990' s were a period of enhanced storminess, mainly seen in the Stockholm record, but his period is within the natural variability of the records. Thus, there are no robust signs of any long-term trend in the storminess indices. Storminess is during the entire historical period remarkably stable, with no systematic change and little transient variability.

National Category
Climate Research
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:smhi:diva-1296 (URN)10.1029/2004GL020441 (DOI)000224876400001 ()
Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-05-26 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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